Sunday, February 12, 2006

UFC - Ultimate Fighting Championship

UFC - Ultimate Fighting Championship is a U.S.-based mixed martial arts organization. Fighters in the sport use combinations of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, boxing, wrestling, Muay Thai, karate, and many other martial arts. The UFC is currently owned and operated by Zuffa Entertainment, LLC. I was first introduced to UFC in Australia by my brother and its one of of our favourite shows as it is the closest to real fighting. The closest professioanal fights to UFC would be Thai kick boxing. Interesting how brazilians seem to do well in UFC.

UFC History

Early UFC events were eight- or sixteen-man tournaments conducted by the organisation Semaphore Entertainment Group (SEG) in association with WOW Promotions (headed by Art Davie and Rorion Gracie), wherein participants were required to beat three opponents in a single evening to be crowned Ultimate Fighting Champion. Reportedly no other event matched fighters of different style to prove which was the best (though events like the Vale Tudo No Maracanãzinho, held in Brazil on November 30, 1984, would appear to contradict this claim[1]). Fighters were typically skilled in one discipline only (for example boxing, Judo, Jiu Jitsu) and had little experience in battling against opponents with different skills of their own. In addition, some competitors were given falsified ranks in traditional martial arts in order to legitimise their presence (for example, Kimo Leopoldo was erroneously touted in UFC III as a 'third degree black belt' in taekwondo[2]). The first ever UFC premiered in 1993.

With no weight classes, fighters could find themselves facing opponents who were significantly larger and taller than themselves. These factors combined led to a trend of short, violent fights, although there were notable exceptions (for example, the 'superfight' between Ken Shamrock and Royce Gracie in UFC V lasted 36 minutes). This was very much in line with the way the UFC was being marketed at the time. "There are no rules!" said the famous tagline. Although not strictly true, the UFC did operate with a limited set of rules; techniques such as hair pulling, headbutts and groin strikes were frowned upon, but allowed. How the rules were enforced: should a competition rule be violated, the competitor who broke the rule was fined $1000.

The brutal nature of the burgeoning sport quickly drew the attention of the authorities and UFC events were banned in almost all American states. To survive, the UFC redesigned its rules to remove the less palatable elements of fights, while still retaining the core elements of striking and grappling. Five minute rounds, Referee stoppages, weight classes and limitations on permissible striking areas gradually found the UFC being rebranded as a sport rather than a violent circus attraction.

Through this event the term MMA (Mixed Martial Arts) was coined.

UFC Popularity

Today, Ultimate Fighting Championship events have become popular in places like Japan, Brazil, Canada, and the United States, where live fights are often seen on television's Pay Per View system as well as occasionally on Spike TV. Spike TV also airs UFC Unleashed, which replays recorded matches from past cards. In the United States, championship fights are usually held in Las Vegas or Atlantic City, much like in boxing. The ring announcer for UFC championship fights is Bruce Buffer, brother of the famous boxing ring announcer Michael Buffer.

In 2005, the UFC launched its own reality TV series, The Ultimate Fighter on Spike TV, in which MMA practitioners who had not yet appeared in the UFC would reside and train together in two teams, and fight one another in matches where the loser would be eliminated and eventually one fighter from each of two weight classes would be awarded a contract. A second series launched in August of the same year, and a third series has been announced and is currently in production. The UFC nearly doubled its fanbase because of this free TV exposure

Results of UFC 57
Chuck “The Iceman” Liddell retained his Ultimate Fighting Championship light heavyweight crown with a second-round TKO of Randy Couture at a sold-out Mandalay Bay Event Center, giving him a 2-1 edge in the trio of bouts between the two marquee fighters.
After the bout, the 42-year-old Couture, the only fighter in UFC history to win heavyweight and light heavyweight titles, announced his retirement.

Elsewhere on the card, former UFC heavyweight champion Frank Mir got a rude welcome back to the UFC after a 20-month absence due to injury, getting stopped in the first round by Brazil’s Marcio Pe De Pano Cruz in a stunning upset.

Brazil’s Renato Babalu Sobral cemented his position as the No. 1 challenger for the UFC light heavyweight belt as he submitted veteran Mike Van Arsdale in the first round of a scheduled three-round contest

UFC rules

(As found on

UFC rules, as approved by the Nevada State Athletic Commission - July 23, 2001

UFC Weight classes:

* Lightweight: 145 to 155 lb (66 to 70 kg)
* Welterweight: 155 to 170 lb (70 to 77 kg)
* Middleweight: 170 to 185 lb (77 to 84 kg)
* Light heavyweight: 185 to 205 lb (84 to 93 kg)
* Heavyweight: 205 to 265 lb (93 to 120 kg)

UFC Bout duration:

1. All non-championship bouts shall be three rounds.
2. All championship bouts shall be five rounds.
3. Rounds will be five minutes in duration.
4. A one-minute rest period will occur between each round.

UFC Fouls:

1. Butting with the head.
2. Eye gouging of any kind.
3. Biting.
4. Hair pulling.
5. Fish hooking.
6. Groin attacks of any kind.
7. Putting a finger into any orifice or into any cut or laceration on an opponent.
8. Small joint manipulation.
9. Striking to the spine or the back of the head.
10. Striking downward using the point of the elbow.
11. Throat strikes of any kind, including, without limitation, grabbing the trachea.
12. Clawing, pinching or twisting the flesh.
13. Grabbing the clavicle.
14. Kicking the head of a grounded opponent.
15. Kneeing the head of a grounded opponent.
16. Stomping a grounded opponent.
17. Kicking to the kidney with the heel.
18. Spiking an opponent to the canvas on his head or neck.
19. Throwing an opponent out of the ring or fenced area.
20. Holding the shorts or gloves of an opponent.
21. Spitting at an opponent.
22. Engaging in an unsportsmanlike conduct that causes an injury to an opponent.
23. Holding the ropes or the fence.
24. Using abusive language in the ring or fenced area.
25. Attacking an opponent on or during the break.
26. Attacking an opponent who is under the care of the referee.
27. Attacking an opponent after the bell has sounded the end of the period of unarmed combat.
28. Flagrantly disregarding the instructions of the referee.
29. Timidity, including, without limitation, avoiding contact with an opponent, intentionally or consistently dropping the mouthpiece or faking an injury.
30. Interference by the corner.

UFC Ways To Win:

1. Submission by:
* Physical tap out.
* Verbal tap out.
2. Technical knockout by the referee stopping the contest.
3. Decision via the scorecards, including:
* Unanimous decision.
* Split decision.
* Majority decision.
* Draw, including:
o Unanimous draw.
o Majority draw.
o Split draw.
4. Technical decision.
5. Technical draw.
6. Disqualification.
7. Forfeit.
8. No contest.

Referee may stand fighters up: If the fighters reach a stalemate and do not work to improve position or finish.

Notable UFC fighters

David "Tank" Abbott (UFC 6 & UU '96 Tournament finalist, UFC 17 Heavyweight Superfight Champion)
Andrei Arlovski (Current UFC Heavyweight Champion)
Josh Barnett (Former UFC Heavyweight Champion)
Vitor Belfort (UFC 12 Heavyweight Tournament Champion, UFC Ultimate Brazil Middleweight Superfight Champion, Former UFC Light Heavyweight Champion)
Murilo Bustamante (Former UFC Middleweight Champion)
Mark Coleman (UFC 10 & 11 Tournament Champion, First UFC Heavyweight Champion)
Randy Couture (UFC 13 Heavyweight Tournament Champion, UFC 15 Heavyweight Superfight Champion, 2x Former UFC Heavyweight Champion, 2x, Former Interim Light Heavyweight Champion, Former UFC Light Heavyweight Champion)
Rich Franklin (Current UFC Middleweight Champion)
Don Frye (UFC 10 Tournament finalist, UFC 8 & UU '96 Champion)
Matt Hughes (2x (Current) UFC Welterweight Champion)
Royce Gracie (UFC 1, 2 & 4 Tournament Champion)
Mark Kerr (UFC 14 & 15 Heavyweight Tournament Champion)
Chuck Liddell (Current UFC Light Heavyweight Champion)
Pat Miletich (UFC 16 Lightweight Tournament Champion, Former UFC Lightweight/Welterweight Champion)
Frank Mir (Former UFC Heavyweight Champion)
Tito Ortiz (UFC 13 Lightweight Tournament finalist, Former UFC Middleweight/Light Heavyweight Champion)
BJ Penn (Former UFC Welterweight Champion)
Jens Pulver (Former UFC Bantamweight/Lightweight Champion)
Kevin Randleman (Former UFC Heavyweight Champion)
Pedro Rizzo (UFC Ultimate Brazil Heavyweight Superfight Champion)
Ricco Rodriguez (Former UFC Heavyweight Champion)
Marco Ruas (UFC 7 Tournament Champion)
Bas Rutten (Former UFC Heavyweight Champion)
Kazushi Sakuraba (UFC Japan Heavyweight tournament champion)
Dan Severn (UFC 4 Tournament finalist, UFC 5 & UU '95 Tournament Champion, UFC 9 Superfight Champion)
Frank Shamrock (Former UFC Middleweight/Light Heavyweight Champion)
Ken Shamrock (UFC 6 & 8 Superfight Champion)
Maurice Smith (Former UFC Heavyweight Champion)
Tim Sylvia (Former UFC Heavyweight Champion)
Oleg Taktarov (UU '95 Tournament finalist, UFC 6 Tournament Champion)
Evan Tanner (Former UFC Middleweight Champion)
Matt Lindland

Official Line up for UFC 58
The following is the official line-up for the UFC 58: USA vs. Canada pay-per view scheduled for March 4th at the Mandalay Bay Events Center in Las Vegas, Nevada:

-Rich Franklin (c) vs. David Loiseau (UFC MW Title)
-B.J. Penn vs. Georges St. Pierre
-Diego Sanchez vs. John Alessio
-Nathan Marquardt vs. Joe Doerksen
-Yves Edwards vs. Mark Hominick
-Mike Swick vs. Steve Vigneault
-Kenny Florian vs. Sam Stout
-Tom Murphy vs. Christophe Midoux
-Jason Lambert vs. Rob MacDonald

External links


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